Detection and Diagnosis

The most important first step in detecting testicular cancer is awareness of bodily changes and self-examinations for a lump or swelling. Often men will have their testicles examined as part of their annual physical exam. Outside of this visit, if a lump or other symptoms occur, men should schedule a visit with their physician for a testicular exam. 

If you or your physician find a lump you may be referred to our urologic cancer specialists. Early diagnosis and treatment offer the best outcomes. GW Cancer Center offers the following diagnostic tests for testicular cancer:

Blood tests: Testicular cancer makes proteins and enzymes that can be identified through blood tests.

Imaging studies: Studies, such as X-rays, ultrasound, and computed tomography (CT) scans take internal pictures of the body to detect cancerous growths and confirm any mass that was found on an exam. Imaging studies are also used by the surgeon to estimate the stage of cancer before surgery.